MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET

PRODUCT NAME: 77W101 DuraFire ™ Red Marking Ink

SECTION I-MANUFACTURER IDENTIFICATION

Innovative Ceramic Corporation Phone: (330) 385-6515
432 Walnut Street Fax: (330) 385-6510
East Liverpool, OH 43920-3130

Prepared by: Orville G. Steininger
Date Prepared: 3-02-2001

EMERGENCY PHONE NUMBERS (24 Hours)

Poison Control Center: 1-800-872-5111
CHEMTREC: 1-800-424-9300 (US, Canada, Puerto Rico, Virgin Island); 1-703-527-2887 (all other areas)

SECTION II- HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS IDENTITY INFORMATION

ACGIH TLV OSHA PEL NOISHA REL

Cadmium Oxide 0.01 mg/m3 (As Cd, 0.005 mg/m3 (as Cd)
CAS#1306-19-0 total dust) 0.0025 mg/m3 Action
0.002 mg/m3 (as Cd, Level (as Cd)
Respirable fraction)

Lead Cadmium Borosilicate 0.05 mg/m3 as Pb) 0.005 mg/m3 (asCd)
CAS#65997-18-4 0.01 mg/m3 (as Cd, 0.0025 mg/m3 Action
Total dust) Level (as Cd)
0.002 mg/m3 (as Cd, 0.05 mg/m3 (as Pd)
respirable fraction) 0.03 mg/m3 Action
Level (as Pb)

Rutile 10 mg/m3 (total dust) 10 mg/m3 (total dust)
CAS#1217-80-2 5 mg/m3 (respirable dust)

Titanium Dioxide 10 mg/m3 (total dust) 10 mg/m3 (total dust)
CAS#13463-67-7 5 mg/m3 (respirable dust)

2-Amino-2-methyl-1-propanol N/L N/L N/L
CAS#124-68-5

2-(Methylamino)-2-methyl-1-propanol N/L N/L N/L
CAS#27646-80-6

Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether 600 mg/m3 600 mg/m3
CAS#34590-94-8

Unless otherwise noted, all values are reported as 8-hour Time-Weighted Average (TWA) and total dust (particulates only). All ACGIH TLVs refer to the 1999 Standards. All OSHA PELs refer to 29 CFR Part 1910 Air Contaminants: Final Rule, January 19, 1989.

SECTION III-SYMPTOMS OF OVEREXPOSURE

Cadmium Compounds-In evaluating cadmium and cadmium compounds, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that there is sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity to humans (Group 1). The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) considers all cadmium and cadmium compounds to be a suspect human cancer hazard (A2). The National Toxicology Program (NTP) list only cadmium and certain cadmium compounds as substances which may reasonably be anticipated to be carcinogenic. This product contains one of those cadmium compounds specifically identified by NTP. Overexposure to cadmium by inhalation can result in a metallic taste in the mouth, headache, shortness of breath, chest-pain, weakness, leg pains and fluid in the lungs. These signs and symptoms may be delayed, sometimes occurring four to eight hours following exposure. Kidney and liver damage may also occur. Swallowing can result in severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, salivation, headache, muscle cramps and dizziness. Repeated or long-term exposure to cadmium, even at relatively low concentrations, may result in kidney damage and an increased risk of lung cancer.

Long term overexposure to the fumes and dust of cadmium have been associated with emphysema, bronchitis and kidney damage. Chronic overexposure to the metal and cadmium compounds, such as cadmium oxide, cadmium sulfide, cadmium sulfate and cadmium chloride, may result in lung cancer, although a definite cause-effect relationship has not been fully established. Avoid creating dust.

Iron Oxide-In evaluating lead and inorganic lead compounds, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has determined that there is sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity to experimental animals and inadequate evidence of carcinogenicity to humans (Group 2B). However, the National Toxicology Program (NTP) does not concur with the IARC assessment and lists only lead acetate and lead phosphate as substances which may reasonably be anticipated to be carcinogenic. The American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) has classified lead and inorganic lead compounds as animal carcinogens (A). The lead compound in this product has not been specifically identified as a possible carcinogen. Prolonged or repeated inhalation and ingestion, such as from poor hygiene, housekeeping or handling practices, can result in lead poisoning. Early symptoms are fatigue, disturbance of sleep, and constipation, with more severe exposure followed by colic anemia, neuritis (nerve inflammation). Prolonged overexposure can severely damage red blood cell formation, kidneys and nervous system. Other symptoms include loss of appetite, metallic taste in mouth, tremors, numbness, dizziness, and hypertension.

The OSHA Lead Standard reports that lead may impair the reproductive systems of both men and women; damage may also be caused to unborn fetuses.
Medical Conditions General Aggravated By Exposure May adversely affect existing medical conditions such as gastrointestinal, hematological, renal, hepatic, respiratory, genito-urinary, neurological and psychological disorders.

2-Amino-2methyl-1-propanol Causes eye burns, and sever skin irritation. Harmful if ingested (damaging to mucous membranes). Vapors and/or aerosols which may be formed at elevated temperatures may be irritating to eyes and respiratory tract. Not listed as a carcinogen.

2-(Methylamino--2-methyl-1-propanol Causes eye burns, and sever skin irritation. Harmful if ingested (damaging to mucous membranes). Vapors and/or aerosols which may be formed at elevated temperatures may be irritating to eyes and respiratory tract. Not listed as a carcinogen.
Dipropylene Glycol Methyl Ether-Not listed by NTP, IARC, or OSHA as a carcinogen. There are no potential health effects listed.

SECTION IV-PHYSICAL/CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Boiling Point: N/AV Solubility in water: Trace
Appearance: Red liquid Odor: Slight odor
Vapor Pressure (mm Hg): N/AV Specific Gravity (water=1): 2.0 g/cc (calculated)
Vapor Density (air=1): N/AV Evaporation Rate: N/AV
% Volatile by volume: N/AV Melting Point: N/AV

SECTION V-REACTIVITY DATA

Stability: Stable. Keep away from excessive heat or open flame.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur
Incompatibility (materials to avoid): Strong oxidizing agents (sodium hypochlorite, hypochlorous acid, etc.), and copper, brass, and aluminum. Keep away from excessive heat or open flame.
Hazard Decomposition Products: Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide

SECTION VI-FIRE AND EXPLOSIVE DATA

Flash Point: 246 F (calculated)
Extinguishing Media: Carbon Dioxide, dry sand, earth, dry chemical or foam.
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Not a fire hazard. However, in the event of fire, toxic fumes may be emitted. Wear self-contained breathing apparatus when large quantities are involved.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazard: None expected.

SECTION VII-EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES

Eye: Flush thoroughly with water for 15 minutes.
Skin: Remove contaminated clothing, wash thoroughly with soap and water.
Inhalation: Remove to fresh air. May give oxygen if needed.
Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting. Dilute stomach contents with a large amount of water. Neutralize
with weak vinegar. Seek medical attention.
If irritation occurs, obtain medical attention.

SYMPTOMS OF OVEREXPOSURE

Eyes and Skin: Causes eye burns and skin irritation. Danger of cumulative effects.
Inhalation: Prolonged breathing of vapors may cause irritation of the respiratory system. Overexposure may cause lung damage.
Ingestion: Large amounts may cause irritation of the gastrointestinal tract, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.

SECTION VIII-SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION

Respiratory Protection: Use NIOSH/OSHA approve respiratory protection for organic solvent vapors where levels exceeds Occupational Exposure Limits.
Personal Protective Equipment: Wear appropriate gloves and goggles to avoid skin and eye contact. Safety showers and eye stations must be present in work area.
Ventilation: Use local exhaust or mechanical such as a dust collector to maintain dust, and vapor levels below the Occupational Exposure Limits.
Handling and Storage: Keep containers closed and dry when not in use. Avoid contact with eyes, skin and clothing. Store away from excessive heat or open flame. This product is corrosive to copper, brass, and aluminum; avoid contact with these metals. Ordinary iron and steel are unaffected as well as glass and ceramics. Consult the most recent OSHA Lead Standard (1910.1025), OSHA Cadmium Standard (1910.1027) and its attachments, appendices, etc., for full requirements, some of which are not covered in this Material Safety Data Sheet.
Personnel Sampling Procedure: For lead: Refer to NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM), 4th Edition, Methods 7082, 7105, 7700. For Cadmium Dust and Mists: Air sampling: Refer to NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM), 4th Edition, Method 7048.
Other Precautions: Avoid breathing dust, and vapors and use adequate ventilation. Wash thoroughly after handling. No eating, drinking or smoking in work area. Wash hands before breaks and at end of work shift. Practice good housekeeping, and personal hygiene procedures.

SECTION IX-SPILL OR LEAK

Contain spillage and scoop up or vacuum. Avoid dusting. Dispose in accordance with federal, state and local laws.
US EPA Waste Number: Pigments D006, D008

SECTION X-REGULATORY INFORMATION

Federal Regulations This product contains the compounds cadmium, and lead. These toxic chemicals are subject to the reporting requirements of Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act (SARA) of 1986, section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right to Know Act and of 40 CFR, part 372. 311/312 Hazard Categories: (NFPA) Fire: no, Reactivity: no, Acute: yes; (HMIS) Health: 3, Fire: 2, Reactivity: 0, Protection: X. 313 Reportable Ingredients: This product contains 0.00212% chloroacetic acid (CASRN 79-11-8). Proprietary ingredients contains no SARA Tile III, section 313 listed chemicals and is not listed by NTP, IARC, ACGIH, or OSHA as a carcinogen..
California State Regulations Proposition 65 Statement: The proprietary ingredients in this product contains no California Proposition 65 listed chemicals. The State of California has a regulation (Proposition 65) which identifies specific chemicals know to the State of California to cause cancer or birth defects. Proposition 65 requires a disclosure for products sold within the State of California containing an identified chemical. The following information is required by the State of California for this product: Warning: This product contains chemicals know to the State of California to cause cancer. Warning: This product contains chemicals know to the State of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm.


SECTION XI-ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The information contained in this Material Safety Data Sheet must be provide to every employee who is exposed to this product in any way. We recommend the user read and understand the contents herein before using this material. Please keep on file for future reference.

This product is a mixture of various metal oxides, salts and some compounds, interfused and mixed with organic materials to form the final product which does not represent individual components. Section II, Hazardous Ingredients Identity Information, and Section III Symptoms of Overexposure, pertain to individual components. Section IV through Section XI are in reference to the finished product.

The data set forth in these sheets are based on information provided by the suppliers of the raw materials and chemicals used in the manufacture of the aforementioned product. Innovative Ceramic Corporation makes no warranty with respect to the accuracy of the information provided by their suppliers, and disclaims all liability of reliance thereon.

Innovative Ceramic Corporation warrants only that its products conform with their published specifications, and no other express warranty is made with regard thereto. We do not guarantee favorable results, and we assume no liability in connection with the use of the products. Our products are intended for industrial use by persons having technical skill and knowledge and they use it at their own discretion and risk.